Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums which, if not properly treated, can progress to reach the alveolar bone. A Dentist in Ahwatukee AZ can properly diagnose and treat the issue if it is caught in time. This is why dentists stress prevention so much. Gingivitis can be recognized by three stages of the disease;
1. Gingivitis: Inflammation of gums caused by plaque bacteria.
2. Periodontitis: Bone and fibers that hold your teeth in place are damaged.
3. Advanced periodontitis: End-stage disease in which the fibers and bone supporting the teeth are destroyed.
What are the causes of gingivitis?
The primary cause is plaque -; a sticky, colorless film that forms around the teeth due to lack of adequate cleaning. These plates produce toxins which irritate the mucosa of the gums, causing gingivitis. Other causes may be mentioned: Malocclusion, formation of tartar, caries, poor saliva production, tobacco use, medicinal use and some exposure to heavy metals such as lead and bismuth. Gingivitis can also be a manifestation of diseases like cold sores, diabetes, epilepsy, AIDS, leukemia or hypovitaminosis. It also seems to be a genetic predisposing factor and, it is recommended in these cases, you see your local dentist more often for routine care.
What are the main signs and symptoms of gingivitis?
The main signs and symptoms of gingivitis are red, swollen and hypersensitive gums that may bleed spontaneously or during brushing. Gingivitis can create spaces between the gums and the teeth, where they accumulate food residue and plaque bacteria, causing bad breath, bad taste in the mouth and changes in the way your teeth fit together when chewing. Generally, a retraction of the gingiva occurs, leaving the teeth looking like they have a more elongated appearance. In more advanced cases, there may be secretion of pus around the teeth and gingival pocket.
Do you see the dentist to treat gingivitis?
The first steps in the treatment of gingivitis are simple brushing and proper flossing. If you notice signs of very hardened tartar (calculus of the gum), you may need to visit the Dentist in Ahwatukee AZ for a professional cleansing. In more serious cases antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs may be an important therapeutic option. Periodontal surgery is reserved for when those other therapeutic interventions mentioned above fail. For more information browse around this site today.